What is cash costs.  With the current price crash and pending consolidation cash costs is important to understanding where contract price will be heading. Here is a WSJ article that goes into the cash cost , and other costs that go into the pricing of a bbl of oil.  It's a bit dated , 2016.  A lot of costs have changed since then.,but the methods are the same. (The article ref Rystad , good fundamental analysis) http://graphics.wsj.com/oil-barrel-breakdown/ As far as Goldman proje