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You don't need to be Harvard Graduate to create Microsoft, Apple or prove Law of Gravity. All you need is Vision, Innovation, Creativity and Passion

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Mineral Rich Nation Looking for Money

Pakistan is one of the very few blessed countries in the world. We should take pride GOD has blessed with all fruits, vegetables, crops and minerals a country need to prosper at all cylinders. Pakistan has got all of them. But unfortunately Pakistan never prosper in last few decades as it should have been. We reeling with energy shortages which are badly impacting our manufacturing, exports etc putting extra ordinary pressure on Pakistan’s economy. Pakistan seeking money support its import of oil and gas just to keep our industrial wheel keep on moving. Can anyone guess a country with 9 billion barrels reserves of oil and 105 trillion cubic feet gas reserves facing this situation? Anyone can be dumb founded with this stats how can a country with such energy reserves is begging for support and not able to produce the goods at a lower cost to be one of the top competitive exporters in the world. Looking for outside world to buy energy sources to keep the country moving, why not invest in exploration? It is eminent that Pakistan has to decide on this and immediately start planning for these reserves to contribute to Pakistan energy crisis. If we compare the available reserves and how much work has been initiated on these reserves as per reserve maps. These two maps resources utilized and resources available clearly shows underutilized resources. The criminal ignorance has been shown by our past governments and it has brought the Pakistan’s at brink of bankruptcy. That has exposed Pakistan to external pressure, compromising position in matter of national security. This criminal ignorance is nothing less than serious treason. Where all the past governments when charged with corruption why not they should be brought into justice for high treason playing with the security of the country. The overall mineral reserves in Pakistan can be seen in the following map. The following table shows the various reserves status of minerals found in Pakistan:                                     Estimated Reserves                                            Production Salt                 220 Million Tons                                           0.325  Million Tons/year Copper           5.9 Billion Tons Ore Gold & Copper           0.170  Million Tons/year Gold               (5th largest in World)                                    0.300 Million Tons/year Iron Ore         500 Million Tons                                           0.193  Million Tons/year The Pakistan salt mines are second largest in the world but our exports are 20th in the world that really questions are policies and decision making. When we have 2nd largest reserves why we are not among the top 10 or top 5 salt exporters in the world. Those responsible for taking the right decisions to enhance exports have not taken the decisions in the right direction. We have a trade deficit for long time and its eating up our economic growth in so many ways. The government should take immediate action and make decision that can really boost the export of our salts to contribute more towards our exports. It will not take a rocket science to push exports as the quality of our salt is 99% pure. Now let’s discuss Copper and Gold ore we have 5.9 billion tons of reserves in Reko Diq, recently Pakistan government turned its attention toward this treasure. With the help of foreign collaboration progress has been initiated, however out of this huge reserve the true potential is not touched.  Only 300,000 tons production achieved from this reserve. The total Gold reserve stands 41.5 million ounce from Reko Diq, the ore grading 0.41% Copper. Pakistan’s gold imports stood 500 kg in 2018 financial year. In 2012 Pakistan gold jewelry exports crossed $1 billion over the period declined to $12 million in 2017. Instead of  moving up we have gone down massively further aggravating current account deficit. The restriction of 25 kg import quota has further implications giving rise to illegal imports of gold. TDAP reports the gold demand was $1.2 billion however the gold imports legally showed a figure of $24.43 million in 2016. The government need to review the policy that local demand of jewelry can only be met with recycled jewelry. Iron production ranks Pakistan 40th in world with 193,000 tons per annum against total reserves stands at more than 500 million tons. The imports of iron and steel stood at $3.5 billion in 2017. A country with huge iron reserves has to import of this volume is a shame for the country. The efforts should be made to increase production. The largest Steel Mill of the Country is making records of history. Nothing in this respect is on cards to this day. There seems no efforts, plans and policy on Chiniot iron reserves exploration work. The total production capacity of Pakistan Steel Mills (PSM) is 1.1 million tons monthly annual production capacity 13.2 million tons to achieve 80% capacity the PSM needs monthly 125,000 metric tons of iron ore and 1.5 million tons of iron ore annually which can be easily fed by local iron ore production resulting in foreign exchange savings. Pakistan is not investing enough time on these avenues no special teams are formed to work on these areas. A formal plan should be formulated and implementation phase should be prioritized. The government is maintaining that foreign investors are more than willing to invest in exploration process in Pakistan. The government should be alert while signing the contracts with the foreign companies for exploration make mandatory to feed the local manufacturer requirements then they will be allowed to export the raw materials. The value addition always bring back more rate of return on exports instead of exporting the raw materials.

Bilal Zaidi

Bilal Zaidi

Pakistan Oil Requirement at a Glance

Crude oil also known as black gold is the commodity keep the country’s wheel moving. If a country is deprived of this natural resource it has to import it from outside world, which makes it everything expensive and heavy reliance on countries selling it. With each day world political scenario changing each day the prices keeps moving. In the world there are countries in the world always prefer to control their own resources and keep country economy under their control. They make every effort to keep the exploration goes on and production is kept in line with the consumption. Pakistan is one of the richest country in natural resources. It has estimated shale oil reserves of 9 billion barrels, however its current consumption is 440,000 barrels crude oil per year and refined approximately 600,000 barrels. Out of total 9 billion estimated reserves the proven reserves of 0.4 billion barrels or 400 million barrels. These proven reserves are consumption increase up to 800,000 barrels per month they will last for 500 years (5 centuries). The installed capacity of refineries stands at 409,000 barrels or 19 Million Tons Per Day (MTPA) against consumption of 24MTPA. Currently seven refineries are operating in Pakistan the highest capacity is of Byco 155,000 barrels per day or 7.0 MTPA. To meet the countries requirement Pakistan need 1 more refinery with 150,000 to 200,000 barrels production capacity in near future. This will save the foreign exchange reserves deficit which is always a problem for Pakistan Economy.   The total account deficit for financial year July 2017 – June 2018 stood at $17.99 billion which is more than 5% of GDP and total oil imports of Pakistan was $12.93 billion almost 72% of total account deficit. The US sanctions on Iran will further grow dim the Pakistan current account deficit to avoid further smash up  situation the government of Pakistan have to work on exploration of 400 million barrels proven reserves on war footing. The foreign companies will be interested in enhancing production and take up the new explorations as the oil prices using it as a carrot to foreign companies. The government is negotiation with Kingdom of Saudi Arabia for setting up oil refinery in Gwadar. If the previous Pakistani governments have worked on this area and planned the Pakistan economy should not have been in mess what it is in today. This criminal negligence on governments part is unpardonable. These governments went on and choose the LNG import option again a burden avenue was opted. For the oil import bill the government kept on availing new loans. Now this is high time the new government should immediately come with concrete plan for bringing proven oil reserves and make it good for reducing oil import bill and excess production exporting taking advantage of steeping oil prices in global market.

Bilal Zaidi

Bilal Zaidi

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