Tomasz

Europe gas market -how it started how its going

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On 15.01.2022 at 01:29, Boat said:

Альянс ОПЕК+ сократил добычу на 9,7 млн баррелей в сутки с мая прошлого года из-за падения спроса на нефть  , вызванного  пандемией коронавируса.  По мере стабилизации ситуации сделка корректировалась.  А  с  августа 2021 года  альянс ежемесячно  увеличивает добычу  на 400 тысяч баррелей в сутки , отмечает Томас.   
 

Пожалуйста, объясните ненавистникам Байдена. Во всем виноваты иностранцы. Лол Томас сообщает, что у них все еще есть дополнительные мощности на 3+ миллиона баррелей. Итак, давайте все согласимся, что Медведь работает с надоедливым Ближним Востоком, чтобы поднять цены на продукты для бедных во всем мире.

Неопалимы мечтают о превентивном ударе, как Ким Чен Ын. Хотя арсенал оскорблений у Джонга лучше. 

Я надеюсь, что русский народ изгонит буйных и встанет на путь пробуждения. Используйте свой мозг, чтобы помочь своей семье и миру. Кто угодно может быть невежественным Ким Чен Ыном. История полна таких неудачников, которые в большинстве случаев заканчиваются неудачно. Добивайтесь хороших результатов и передайте хорошую карму. 

Do you not know how to read or do not understand what you read?

I write in every message that [as soon as our INTELLIGENCE INFORMS THE US DECISION TO ATTACK RUSSIA AND BEGINS PREPARATIONS FOR WAR / BGU... i.e. a "PERIOD OF THE THREAT" is announced, THEN RUSSIA WILL NEED TO PROVIDE (not "preventive", this is your opinion))), but "PREDICTIONAL strike" / "strike at the appointed time" (it is written in the Doctrine, in the Military)))
What it will be - nuclear or non-nuclear (high-precision hypersonic kinetic ...) depends on your behavior - on the degree of threat. By the way, there is almost no difference between nuclear and non-nuclear, in non-nuclear there are no consequences of the factor of a nuclear explosion, primarily radiation. After dropping the "payload" we will recall the carriers with nuclear weapons back for scheduled repairs.
So do not hysteria like chickens before death - if you piss on a fight, then accept death with dignity. And it is disgusting to watch how you, out of fear, together with the doomed Europeans, perform the "dance of St. Vitus."
PS
Reassuring: even with the strongest nuclear strike, 80 percent of you will live, but unhappily - sadly.

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1 hour ago, Piotr Berman said:

I wonder why Russia would definitely prefer to send more gas to China, and it is making a determined effort to do so.And so it comes to my mind that China probably does not impose any sanctions on Russia and the West does it.And sanctions work as far as I know in both directions and may hit a boomerang if the situation changes.  -- Tomasz

Gasprom definitely wants to have many options and markets.  "Just Europe" or "Just China" exposes you to huge systemic risks as European Commission and whoever does central planning in China periodically have grand ideas and priorities change.  For that matter, any company wishes to have multiple customers if possible.  My impression is that this year the biggest difference in Gasprom market was a big increase of deliveries in Russia, and 7% rise in Russian industrial output.  Too bad that the statistics I have access to do not show the breakdown into products or at least, industries.  But one interesting play is fertilizers.  There is a shortage with at least as large increase in prices as for the natural gas.  Next, to avoid price increases for the domestic farmers and decrease in agriculture, Russia interrupted exports of the fertilizers.

On another end of Eurasia, India has problems with farmers (grumpy, demonstrate) and prospects for decrease in agriculture which may have more dire consequences than in Russia (drop of export vs rise of hunger).  So India contracts a huge amount of LNG to make fertilizers for ANY price, and budgets 3 billions for subsidies.  Then Modi and Putin have a meeting so cordial that it could pass as a bromance, and Russia will deliver fertilizers to India.  India cuts LNG purchases and LNG carriers sail to Europe more frequently, some were diverted from India in the middle of the trip.

Commercially, if you can, you prefer to sell processed products with more jobs and more added value.  Geo-strategically, as Russia and NATO were exchanging threat, having India neutral and open for strictly bilateral payment arrangement was a big plus.  In balance, it works to China advantage too, neutral India, however grumpy, is much better than India in UKUSA+Japan+India.  Collectively, Russia+China combo has good relations with everybody in the Indian subcontinent.

 

 

 

 

Until China claims the South China Sea. Then India joins many other nations showing off their gun boats. Then the issue between Pakistan and India over their border. You sure you want to call them a combo? I think they trade some but trust each other little. 

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13 hours ago, Andrew Neopalimy said:

Do you not know how to read or do not understand what you read?

I write in every message that [as soon as our INTELLIGENCE INFORMS THE US DECISION TO ATTACK RUSSIA AND BEGINS PREPARATIONS FOR WAR / BGU... i.e. a "PERIOD OF THE THREAT" is announced, THEN RUSSIA WILL NEED TO PROVIDE (not "preventive", this is your opinion))), but "PREDICTIONAL strike" / "strike at the appointed time" (it is written in the Doctrine, in the Military)))
What it will be - nuclear or non-nuclear (high-precision hypersonic kinetic ...) depends on your behavior - on the degree of threat. By the way, there is almost no difference between nuclear and non-nuclear, in non-nuclear there are no consequences of the factor of a nuclear explosion, primarily radiation. After dropping the "payload" we will recall the carriers with nuclear weapons back for scheduled repairs.
So do not hysteria like chickens before death - if you piss on a fight, then accept death with dignity. And it is disgusting to watch how you, out of fear, together with the doomed Europeans, perform the "dance of St. Vitus."
PS
Reassuring: even with the strongest nuclear strike, 80 percent of you will live, but unhappily - sadly.

Do not hysteria like chickens and don’t piss on a fight. These are somewhat ignorant sounding but have a ring of common sense truth. But asking us to learn a dance is a bit strange and feminine. Are these Putin quotes? No wonder the meetings have stalled. You got a video of hysteria chicken dancing? Do you guys fight in groups and piss on each other? You got wild ass traditions. Tell me more of your culture and send videos. I could start a reaction channel on YouTube.

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(edited)

Moderator!

Why do you delete my answers exclusively to shameless and foolish comments that tarnish the honor and dignity of Russia!
Although I'm not surprised it's an American standard!

Edited by Andrew Neopalimy

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On 1/16/2022 at 3:02 AM, Boat said:

Until China claims the South China Sea. Then India joins many other nations showing off their gun boats. Then the issue between Pakistan and India over their border. You sure you want to call them a combo? I think they trade some but trust each other little. 

Under no circumstances is India fighting China on the behalf of the West. Don't get your hopes up.

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1 hour ago, Andrew Neopalimy said:

Moderator!

Why do you delete my answers exclusively to shameless and foolish comments that tarnish the honor and dignity of Russia!
Although I'm not surprised it's an American standard!

I don't know exactly what you mean by American standard, but your posts are not in accordance with our rules, not only because of posting in Russian (I guess you are using VPN because no other members have the same problem), as I warned you earlier. All your posts are mostly provocations and insults to the American people, just as you claim for the posts of other members of this forum. Here you can read our rules, in order to adhere to them and avoid deleting posts.

Thank you!

 

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On 1/15/2022 at 9:16 PM, Boat said:

Do not hysteria like chickens and don’t piss on a fight. These are somewhat ignorant sounding but have a ring of common sense truth. But asking us to learn a dance is a bit strange and feminine. Are these Putin quotes? No wonder the meetings have stalled. You got a video of hysteria chicken dancing? Do you guys fight in groups and piss on each other? You got wild ass traditions. Tell me more of your culture and send videos. I could start a reaction channel on YouTube.

In Korea, the United States Air Force lost at 2900 Aircrafts - 8 AUG! was useless. The "North Koreans" - they would have kicked the back)). In short, the U.S. fled.

Vietnam. The U.S. Loss of 8,000 Aircrafts (due to military/non-military reasons in the air and on the ground. 17 AUG aircraft carriers were once again useless ). The land was parachuted, received in the teeth from the Aboriginals and escaped.

 

About Black Tuesday" and "Black Thursday" - the eternal shame of the United States - remind?

 

"BLACK TUESDAY"

On April 12, 1951, the MiG-15 shot down 14 United States Air Force aircraft in less than 10 minutes: 10 B-29 Superfortress heavy bombers and 4 B-29 fighter aircraft were decommissioned after returning to the airfield. (In total 48 B-29 Superfortress heavy bombers were engaged in the raid, accompanied by 150 F-86 "Saber", F-80 and F-84 fighters. From Russian/Soviet side - 50 MiGs).

The Soviet fighters that attacked them returned without casualties to the base and celebrated another victory over the enemy. The United States Air Force declared a week of mourning for the dead pilots (almost every American crew returned with dead and wounded) and over 100 prisoners. For the next three days, no American aircraft were seen flying in the Soviet area.

It was after this incident that the world-renowned "MiG Alley" was established on the south bank of the Yalu River.

That glorious, for Russia, has demonstrated to the world that Soviet fighter planes, in the most unfavourable conditions, without anti-aircraft guns and a warning system, bound by the order NOT to pursue the enemy behind the front lines, without their own losses, can provide 25 percent of the irretrievable enemy losses, thwart the enemy’s mission by tying up a convoy.

 

"BLACK THURSDAY"

On October 30 of the same year, 21 B-29 Superfortress heavy bombers, under the cover of 200 United States Air Force fighters, attempted to break into the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.

The United States Air Force Air Squadron was opposed by 44 MiG-15 pilots who managed to shoot down 12 "Super Fortresses" and 4 F-84 fighters. The Americans are only 1 Soviet aircraft.

After this incident, the bombing of North Korea ceased for almost a month.

 

CERTIFICATE

In the sky of Korea, 46 Soviet pilots became asams. Together they destroyed 416 US Air Force aircraft. The best result was shown by Nikolai Sutykin - 21 downed fighters.

The chief American "ace" is a liar, Joseph Christopher McConnel Jr.

"Trick - 22" in nature!

8 AUG+ 17 AUG = 25 aircraft carriers, in fact useless troughs! The "chinks" had no air defense, anti-missile, or air force... One bamboo stick, and a Kalashi with Russian backing.

Today you have only 3(3) aircraft carriers, walking on the sea is expensive. The rest are repaired at the docks or at anchor at the pier. There must be 12 running cars, but there are none. And you all Zumwalt mix. ))

By the way, all aircraft carriers today are drowning alone! Russian hypersonic rocket ! ))) And "Petrel Star" - all of AUG You are losers in everything!



 

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On 1/16/2022 at 3:16 AM, Boat said:

Do not hysteria like chickens and don’t piss on a fight. These are somewhat ignorant sounding but have a ring of common sense truth. But asking us to learn a dance is a bit strange and feminine. Are these Putin quotes? No wonder the meetings have stalled. You got a video of hysteria chicken dancing? Do you guys fight in groups and piss on each other? You got wild ass traditions. Tell me more of your culture and send videos. I could start a reaction channel on YouTube.

The Al-Shirat is an eternal disgrace to the United States

 

The US does not have a nuclear CD except for the AGM-86 on the B-52N (which in nuclear performance even for a full-fire is not that the 42 live bombers being reduced will not suffice, but also on 20 lines). The usual execution of the CD[WB] is only the usual, fragmentation-blast.

The cameras spent $1.9 million each on Shuirat 62 MBC - that’s 1.5% of the total stock of the United States Navy!. They were planning to launch 64, two of the PUs didn’t come out, one went down at once - two fell down.

59 started off - that’s four to six times the rate of a strike on an airbase to incapacitate. 36 "lost" and drowned at sea.

Twenty-three rockets hit the ground, some Syrians hit the ground, some REBs hit.

Only 8 (8) have reached the Abb Shirat zone!

To target (Al-Shirat): Only 3 (three): One fell outside the base, one into the hangar, and the third destroyed the dining room. )))

RESULT 0.001

Did not damage the GDP (runway) and not a single roulette (taxiway), ammunition and fuel depot, aircraft, helicopter... - well it is some disgrace USA. https://wwww.youtube.watchcom=v=lUV9W9ndorw

Only 6 old discarded Syrian MiG-23 (left in the hangar "for parts) were destroyed/damaged. At the beginning of the war, there were about 120 MiG-23 (41 pp. MiG-23BN, 39 pp. MiG-23ML/MP/UM, 41 pp. MiG-23U). The most valuable aircraft in the Air Force are 21 Su-24, 36 Su-22 and 30 MiG-29. No aircraft on the Shirat were damaged. Of the more than 150 SAR helicopters, none were damaged in an American attack!

Like the United States and 3,000 missiles won’t be enough to destroy 2 (a pair) airfields.

The efficiency of the massive strike proved to be near-zero, with the airbase operating after 10 hours in the normal mode.

"Breaking the runway is very difficult," blah blah, blah, blah, "we did not intend to damage the runway or the steering wheel." Clown.

Was it "difficult" to destroy, and damage what prevented? ))

 

PS In comparison, several Russian cruise missiles during the 19 November 2015 D3 attack alone destroyed over 600 militants fortified military facilities: ...

 

The United States in the year before this epic disgrace 7000+ its BGM-109 was brought to block 4. The circus number "United States Navy Strike on AvBB Shirat) was accurate at the moment of overproduction, when these "modernized" to block Tomagavka, the "updated" Zideni shit shit.

So the money for the "upgrade" is 7,000 CRVB... They began to "update" again - to reconfigure all 7000 KR with the replacement of radio navigation equipment, up to level block 5.

Good luck ! This is the EBB/RAP (Defeat) combat mode you haven’t experienced.

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(edited)

1 hour ago, Selva said:

I don't know exactly what you mean by American standard, but your posts are not in accordance with our rules, not only because of posting in Russian (I guess you are using VPN because no other members have the same problem), as I warned you earlier. All your posts are mostly provocations and insults to the American people, just as you claim for the posts of other members of this forum. Here you can read our rules, in order to adhere to them and avoid deleting posts.

Thank you!

 

Please "familiarize yourself with your rules" of other forum participants, in particular my American opponents. I hope they too are obliged to "adhere" to the rules of the forum? And try to make yourself to respect objectivity in judgments when making decisions ...
Ato, forgive me, it seems that I have found myself in the «black ghetto» - obscure vocabulary not count!

 

Edited by Andrew Neopalimy

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Libya reported that its oil production had returned to 1.2 million barrers per day at 22:00 a.m. Libya

China increased coal production to record 4 billion t 20:00

A. Berbock before negotiating with S. Lavrov: North Stream-2 is not fully compliant with EU law 17:54
...
Gazprom did not reserve for February the additional capacity of the Ukrainian HV and the capacity of the Polish IHL section Yamal - Europe 17:02

Gazprom in the first half of January 2022 reduced exports of gas to the far abroad by more than 40% 16:23
...
Gazprom Nedra Company began exploration in new Gazprom mining areas in Western and Eastern Siberia 13:29

...

https://neftegaz.ru/

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Gazprom's production in the first two weeks of January increased by 2.1% compared to the same period last year, to 23.1 billion cubic meters of gas, according to the company's Telegram channel.

 

 

"From January 1 to January 15, 2022, Gazprom, according to preliminary data, produced 23.1 billion cubic meters of gas. This is 2.1% (0.5 billion cubic meters) more than last year," the statement says. in the message.

During the reporting period, deliveries from the gas transmission system to the domestic market increased by 3.7%, or by 600 million cubic meters, Gazprom notes. MOSCOW, January 17 - RIA Novosti / Prime. In the period from January 1 to January 15, Gazprom reduced gas exports to non-CIS countries by 41.1%, to 5.4 billion cubic meters, and to China (which is considered separately) by one and a half times, the company said.

 
 
РЕКЛ

The company produced 514.8 billion cubic meters of gas last year, which is 62.2 billion cubic meters (13.7%) more than in 2020. The result, as noted by the head of the company Alexey Miller, was the best over the past 13 years.

EXPORT TO FAR ABROAD

It is also reported that in the period from January 1 to January 15, Gazprom reduced gas exports to non-CIS countries by 41.1% compared to the same period last year - to 5.4 billion cubic meters, but at the same time increased supplies to a number of countries, including China and Bulgaria.

 

"From January 1 to January 15, 2022, Gazprom, according to preliminary data ... exports to non-CIS countries amounted to 5.4 billion cubic meters, which is 41.1% (3.7 billion cubic meters) less than for the same period in 2021 years," the company reports in its official Telegram channel.

At the same time, it is noted that Gazprom increased supplies to Bulgaria (by 48.6%), Turkey (by 0.3%), Bosnia and Herzegovina (by 7.3%). The company supplies gas in accordance with the applications of consumers in accordance with contractual obligations, Gazprom draws attention.

According to the results of 2021, Gazprom increased exports to non-CIS countries by 5.8 billion cubic meters to 185.1 billion cubic meters. This was the fourth result in the history of the company.

https://1prime.ru/energy/20220117/835794299.html

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January 17. FINMARKET.RU -

Gazprom's exports to China via the Power of Siberia gas pipeline have reached a new level in accordance with the schedule for increasing supplies, follows from the company's operational report.

 "Gas exports to China via the Power of Siberia gas pipeline are growing.

The volume of deliveries in the first half of January is one and a half times higher than the same indicator last year," writes Gazprom.As reported, in January 2021, the concern supplied China with an average of 29 million cubic meters. m of gas.

Deliveries of Russian gas to China from the Chayandinskoye field in Yakutia through the Power of Siberia began at the end of 2019, the first five years are allotted for increasing volumes to 38 billion cubic meters. m per year.

In 2020, 4.1 billion cubic meters were pumped through the gas pipeline. m of gas, for 10 months of 2021 - 8 billion cubic meters.

In December last year, the operator of the Chayandinskoye oil and gas condensate field, OOO Gazprom dobycha Noyabrsk, reported that by 2021 at the field “the increased levels of gas production amount to 35 million cubic meters of gas per day. And from January 1, 2022, the required levels of gas production in Yakutia rise to 48-50 million cubic meters per day.

http://www.finmarket.ru/news/5628577

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On 1/15/2022 at 10:07 AM, Eric Gagen said:

Price.  LNG is inherently more expensive for the purchaser than pipeline gas.  The gap is large enough that Russia can sell their gas at a higher price than the price of the LNG, so long as it is still under the gas + transit cost of the LNG.  By 'locking in' long term contracts for Russian gas via pipeline they prevent Europe from having a reason to try to get more LNG recieving capacity.  Russia makes more money, and Europe saves money but becomes more dependent on Russia. The more gas Europe buys anywhere but Russia (or North Africa) the worse the commercial terms get for the Europeans.

Sure, but it ain't quite as simple as that Eric. Europe's gas demand is highly seasonal, and LNG and pipeline gas likes a constant rate of production. So Europe has to store fairly large quantities in the summer. But without some kind of regulation of the market, there will always be manipulation, volatility, and lack of forward planning. My deal with Putin was "go ahead and build some pipelines because Europe's green policies will require vast quantities of gas, both piped from close by, and shipped by LNG". He understood, but unfortunately Europe had absolutely no plan to ensure their energy security, ONLY looked at price? Just plain stupid. They refused to buy ANY LNG from the the USA unless absolutely necessary and have only now signed an agreement whereby EU member states can store gas in each others fields. Almost as stupid as the fact they have virtually no large-scale batteries yet. Why? Penny-pinching! That was my whole point. They are penny-wise and pound foolish. And it has cost them dearly?

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On 1/16/2022 at 1:33 AM, Wombat One said:

Indeed. And without Australian iron ore, global industry would come to a standstill. So Russia and China need to pay attention to what they let their citizens say about the West. 

Russia is self-sufficient in iron ore.

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5 hours ago, Wombat One said:

Sure, but it ain't quite as simple as that Eric. Europe's gas demand is highly seasonal, and LNG and pipeline gas likes a constant rate of production. So Europe has to store fairly large quantities in the summer. But without some kind of regulation of the market, there will always be manipulation, volatility, and lack of forward planning. My deal with Putin was "go ahead and build some pipelines because Europe's green policies will require vast quantities of gas, both piped from close by, and shipped by LNG". He understood, but unfortunately Europe had absolutely no plan to ensure their energy security, ONLY looked at price? Just plain stupid. They refused to buy ANY LNG from the the USA unless absolutely necessary and have only now signed an agreement whereby EU member states can store gas in each others fields. Almost as stupid as the fact they have virtually no large-scale batteries yet. Why? Penny-pinching! That was my whole point. They are penny-wise and pound foolish. And it has cost them dearly?

CNG that comes over the pipeline is a lot easier to store without losses than cryogenic LNG (you can't really, short of constant re-liquefication, so you better gasify and store it as CNG). This is how much gas is stored today to even out the seasonal slumps)

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(edited)

10 hours ago, Wombat One said:

Sure, but it ain't quite as simple as that Eric. Europe's gas demand is highly seasonal, and LNG and pipeline gas likes a constant rate of production. So Europe has to store fairly large quantities in the summer. But without some kind of regulation of the market, there will always be manipulation, volatility, and lack of forward planning. My deal with Putin was "go ahead and build some pipelines because Europe's green policies will require vast quantities of gas, both piped from close by, and shipped by LNG". He understood, but unfortunately Europe had absolutely no plan to ensure their energy security, ONLY looked at price? Just plain stupid. They refused to buy ANY LNG from the the USA unless absolutely necessary and have only now signed an agreement whereby EU member states can store gas in each others fields. Almost as stupid as the fact they have virtually no large-scale batteries yet. Why? Penny-pinching! That was my whole point. They are penny-wise and pound foolish. And it has cost them dearly?

European governments and societies in general don't have a lot of resources - financial or natural compared to countries like the US, Australia or Russia.  What they do have is dedicated towards maintaining standards of education, income and healthcare.  When it comes to energy policy the cheapest supplier in terms of immediate cash consequences almost always wins.  They simply can't afford to experiment.

Grid scale batteries ARE an experiment.  It's only within the last 1-2 years that their advantages have been big enough to make them worth installing outside of tinkering around with the mechanics of having them installed in a grid.  Australia is wealthy enough to experiment with solutions like that but Europe as a general rule is not.  Also, to be fair, the Europeans generally have better access to pumped storage which is even cheaper and more effective than batteries where the geography and weather is right. 

 

As @Andrei Moutchkine noted, storing gas for seasonal demand works the same for LNG supply or pipeline supply.  Generally speaking Europe has sufficient supply space - they just didn't buy enough gas to fill it up with.  

Edited by Eric Gagen

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11 minutes ago, Eric Gagen said:

European governments and societies in general don't have a lot of resources - financial or natural compared to countries like the US, Australia or Russia.  What they do have is dedicated towards maintaining standards of education, income and healthcare.  When it comes to energy policy the cheapest supplier in terms of immediate cash consequences almost always wins.  They simply can't afford to experiment.

Grid scale batteries ARE an experiment.  It's only within the last 1-2 years that their advantages have been big enough to make them worth installing outside of tinkering around with the mechanics of having them installed in a grid.  Australia is wealthy enough to experiment with solutions like that but Europe as a general rule is not.  Also, to be fair, the Europeans generally have better access to pumped storage which is even cheaper and more effective than batteries where the geography and weather is right. 

 

As @Andrei Moutchkine noted, storing gas for seasonal demand works the same for LNG supply or pipeline supply.  Generally speaking Europe has sufficient supply space - they just didn't buy enough gas to fill it up with.  

Well, the pipelines are at least instant-on once the contract details/financials are cleared. The enticing spot market prices for US LNG are a bit of a loss leader. Because the market for idle tankers is anything but spot (if at all present) You've also have to book a slot on a liquefaction train using novel liquefy-or-pay provisions.

In light of this, behold this beautiful artifact.

https://www.gem.wiki/Marshal_Vasilevskiy_FSRU_Terminal

which officially exists to ensure the energy security of the Kaliningrad enclave, or some such

https://www.gazprom.com/press/news/2019/january/article472626/

which was not really seriously endangered. This thing has been tremendously useful to troll the Poles and the Balts, consistently being the only large LNG tanker around available on short notice and best rate. If only not for Gazprom name on it...

It is not really just a tanker, but a floating regasification plant, which can inject the gas anywhere, not just at specialized LNG terminal. There are only two of those around, with the sister ship being strangely moored in Klaipeda

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FSRU_Independence

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Klaipėda_LNG_FSRU

so named as the enabler of Lithuanian independence from the Russian pipeline gas (or, according to latest definition, "some diversification" :)

Namesake

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aleksandr_Vasilevsky

"the world's largest LNG bunkering vessel KN Kairos" is just a regular LNG tanker that does its own thing. Now, if the ownership structures of the project were remotely sane, they'd at least switch places. Hardly makes any sense to use a fancy FSRU as nothing but a storage tank for LNG.

Good to know that our OMV is profiteering from the Baltic quest for energy independence somehow, too. Officially, Austria got the lowest gas reserves of all

The only proper gas storage the same it is always been since Soviets and is in Latvia

https://skultelng.lv/en/underground_gas_storage/

Should the Polish bankroll an actual appearance of a Qatari Q-Max tanker on their shores (which they do once in a while to demonstrate progress in their LNG ploys), they all end up in these enterprising Belgian mitts on the way back

https://www.fluxys.com/en/products-services/activities/lng

They currently make a lot more sense as LNG storage, not ferrying LNG around, because they've got a smaller re-liquefaction plant for the evaporate, while using heavy marine diesel for fuel. (which is progressively frowned upon)

Unfortunately, I am not really in touch with what exactly kind of infrastructures FSRUs might be docking with, but its got to be straight-to-pipeline variety I reckon.

 

 

 

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(edited)

On 17.01.2022 at 19:54, Selva said:

I don't know exactly what you mean by American standard, but your posts are not in accordance with our rules, not only because of posting in Russian (I guess you are using VPN because no other members have the same problem), as I warned you earlier.

All your posts are mostly provocations and insults to the American people, just as you claim for the posts of other members of this forum. Here you can read our rules, in order to adhere to them and avoid deleting posts.

Thank you!

1. The "American Standard" is a failure to meet the standard if it does not please the U.S. "Double Standard/Gothenburg Ethics (as oxymoron as your "Posttruth").
In other words, biased treatment and unfair evaluation of events is a discriminatory approach that deliberately portrays events in a negative light for one object and in a positive light for another.
The truth is always the same! - "The posttruth" is a devaluation of fact. "The standard" (the standard, the model, the norm) does not imply duality... in normal people.
But you can - you can "exceptional" and do what you want:«If the rules of the game do not allow a gentleman to win, then gentlemen change the rules».
"I know that some of our actions in recent years have undermined the rule-based order, and have made others wonder, are we still committed to it?", -  US Secretary of State Anthony Linkin attended the United Nations Security Council meeting on 7 May 2021. 🤑
2. I already told you that I write in English, and your stupid algorithm, poorly trained machine, stubbornly translates my texts into Russian. In the end and it "true eyes hurt" *Rusk. proverb))).
3. I do not use VPN and Proxy.
4. You by ignorance(?) have mistaken my "symmetrical response" to "provocations" with the very provocations" of opponents, I shall call them that!
5. 
The truth doesn't insult, you can't offend with the truth, it can be accepted or rejected - but it is insulted by the statement that the land is in the form of a geoid, SARS-Kov-2 exists, the People’s Republic of China has global economic, and the Russian Federation military-technical advantage (qualitative and quantitative, relative to nuclear potential) ... Not possible. In fact, critical analysis of emotion is not appropriate.
They should either be extinguished and their shit out. Search for counter-arguments in verified, verified, objectively trustworthy sources and quote in the stones (with references to the original source).
Don’t "lynch" the truth.
PS If you delete this answer as well as delete it, the next one will be even longer. )))

 

I appreciate the advice, but I’m familiar with the rules.

Edited by Andrew Neopalimy

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2 hours ago, Andrew Neopalimy said:

1. The "American Standard" is a failure to meet the standard if it does not please the U.S. "Double Standard/Gothenburg Ethics (as oxymoron as your "Posttruth").
In other words, biased treatment and unfair evaluation of events is a discriminatory approach that deliberately portrays events in a negative light for one object and in a positive light for another.
The truth is always the same! - "The posttruth" is a devaluation of fact. "The standard" (the standard, the model, the norm) does not imply duality... in normal people.
But you can - you can "exceptional" and do what you want:«If the rules of the game do not allow a gentleman to win, then gentlemen change the rules».
"I know that some of our actions in recent years have undermined the rule-based order, and have made others wonder, are we still committed to it?", -  US Secretary of State Anthony Linkin attended the United Nations Security Council meeting on 7 May 2021. 🤑
2. I already told you that I write in English, and your stupid algorithm, poorly trained machine, stubbornly translates my texts into Russian. In the end and it "true eyes hurt" *Rusk. proverb))).
3. I do not use VPN and Proxy.
4. You by ignorance(?) have mistaken my "symmetrical response" to "provocations" with the very provocations" of opponents, I shall call them that!
5. The truth cannot be insulted, it can be accepted or rejected - but it is insulted by the statement that the land is in the form of a geoid, SARS-Kov-2 exists, the People’s Republic of China has global economic, and the Russian Federation military-technical (qualitative and quantitative, relative to nuclear potential) advantage ... Not possible. In fact, critical analysis of emotion is not appropriate.
They should either be extinguished and their shit out. Search for counter-arguments in verified, verified, objectively trustworthy sources and quote in the stones (with references to the original source).
Don’t "lynch" the truth.
PS If you delete this answer as well as delete it, the next one will be even longer. )))

 

I appreciate the advice, but I’m familiar with the rules.

You can likely add an order of preference to interface languages of your browser by hand. Here is how to do it in Mozilla:

https://support.mozilla.org/en-US/kb/use-firefox-another-language

Also defines the languages to spell-check for a given locale. The auto-translation is somewhat mysterious. Possibly a translation plug-in you installed? Try setting a ru-en locale.

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21 hours ago, Selva said:

I don't know exactly what you mean by American standard, but your posts are not in accordance with our rules, not only because of posting in Russian (I guess you are using VPN because no other members have the same problem), as I warned you earlier. All your posts are mostly provocations and insults to the American people, just as you claim for the posts of other members of this forum. Here you can read our rules, in order to adhere to them and avoid deleting posts.

Thank you!

 

Ah, you must be an admin of godlike powers?

There seems to be a bug when trying to edit the "cover photo" in the profile, which I assume refers to the really wide bitmap on top of the page? (I get an non-specific error right away in most browsers, and an actual error number on an old explorer when I try to invoke that point)

I think this used to work, cause the really cool kinds like Tomasz got a custom one.

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1 hour ago, Andrei Moutchkine said:

Ah, you must be an admin of godlike powers?

There seems to be a bug when trying to edit the "cover photo" in the profile, which I assume refers to the really wide bitmap on top of the page? (I get an non-specific error right away in most browsers, and an actual error number on an old explorer when I try to invoke that point)

I think this used to work, cause the really cool kinds like Tomasz got a custom one.

Thank you for letting me know about this problem with setting up the profile photo . We never had it before. Let me check with our tech team, and I I'll get back to you.  

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8 hours ago, Andrei Moutchkine said:

You can likely add an order of preference to interface languages of your browser by hand. Here is how to do it in Mozilla:

https://support.mozilla.org/en-US/kb/use-firefox-another-language

Also defines the languages to spell-check for a given locale. The auto-translation is somewhat mysterious. Possibly a translation plug-in you installed? Try setting a ru-en locale.

Thank you for your support, but that’s not the point.

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The value of gas exports exceeded the revenues from the export of oil products for the first time since 2008

The value of natural gas exports from Russia in the fourth quarter of 2021 reached $20.8 billion, which is 1.6 times more than in the third quarter ($13.1 billion). The sharp rise in prices for gas supplied abroad led to the fact that the value of gas exports exceeded the income from the export of petroleum products. This happened for the first time since the fourth quarter of 2008.

The price of exported oil products in the fourth quarter exceeded the figure of the previous quarter by 1%, amounting to $18.5 billion, Interfax analyzed the data of the Central Bank of Russia's balance of payments assessment for last year. For the first time since the fourth quarter of 2008, the price of gas exports was exceeded by revenues from oil exports, when, due to a drop in demand and prices for energy carriers during the onset of the global economic crisis, the value of exports of petroleum products decreased by 42% compared to the previous quarter, to $15.3 billion. The price of gas exported for the quarter at the beginning of the winter season increased by 10%, to $17.8 billion.

As a result, in the fourth quarter of 2021, natural gas exports accounted for 14% of Russia's export earnings ($148.7 billion). According to the results of all 2021, the price of exported gas increased by 2.1 times compared to 2020 ($54.2 billion against $25.7). Aggregate exports grew by 47% ($489.8 billion against $333.4 billion), exports of crude oil - by 52%, oil products - by 51%.

Today, January 18, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said that Gazprom is manipulating gas prices in the European Union. In confirmation of this, he cited the words of the head of the International Energy Agency (IEA) Fatih Birol, who accused Russia of the energy crisis in Europe. Russian Deputy Prime Minister Alexander Novak said that Gazprom is not to blame for the high gas prices on the European market.

In December 2021, gas prices began to rise against the background of Gazprom's refusal to reserve the capacities of the Yamal-Europe gas pipeline. Bloomberg sources said that the company's decision is due to the exhaustion of limits, due to which buyers need to pay them at the prevailing market price. At the end of the month, the price of gas in Europe exceeded $2,150.

https://www.kommersant.ru/doc/5172256?from=top_main_5

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Is it worth launching Nord Stream 2?

Yuri Barsukov about the location of the gas pipeline in the new coordinate system

The current aggravation of political relations between Russia and the West and the ongoing exchange of threatening statements have overshadowed the progress of the Nord Stream 2 project. Six months ago, it seemed that this gas pipeline and the problems associated with it were hardly the most important aspect in relations between Russia and Germany, and the EU as a whole. Now, the discussion, and sometimes even an absentee skirmish between officials, is mainly held in military terms, and not in economic or legal terms.

One of the reasons for the decrease in tension around Nord Stream 2, in my opinion, is that putting it into operation without a general improvement in relations will not change much.

Simplifying, we can say that neither Gazprom nor Germany are interested in the immediate launch of the pipeline, since by itself it is not capable of quickly influencing the situation on the European gas market.

The German authorities could expect that after the start of pumping, Gazprom will increase gas supplies, which will cause prices to drop. But these expectations can only be based on some kind of political agreement, because the monopoly has neither a legal obligation nor an economic expediency to increase supplies.

Gazprom can even now supply more gas through already operating gas pipelines - for example, Yamal-Europe has been idle for the second month. But from an economic point of view, this makes no sense: by increasing supplies by a few percent, you can drop the price of gas on the spot market (to which the prices of most long-term contracts are tied) by tens of percent and, having earned hundreds of millions of dollars due to volume growth, lose billions due to for price reductions.

Considering the entire portfolio of Gazprom contracts, the effect is very significant: if the average export price of Gazprom in 2022 is $400 per 1,000 cubic meters instead of the planned $296 per 1,000 cubic meters, this will more than pay off the entire cost of Nord Stream 2 (€9.5 billion). Gas at European hubs now costs about $900 per 1,000 cubic meters.

I would venture to suggest that in the current state of the market, which is unlikely to change radically in the coming months, Gazprom would make minimal use of Nord Stream 2, even if it had the opportunity.

While it looks like the pipe will not work for a long time, but this does not mean that it is useless. A technically ready-to-operate gas pipeline drastically reduces Gazprom's risks in the event that problems arise with other supply routes, primarily through Ukraine. Nord Stream 2 will also be a strong argument in negotiations on the future of transit through the country after 2024.

https://www.kommersant.ru/doc/5171298

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(edited)

I recommend the above 2 articles to reconsider whether Russia is at great loss and whether it really wants in  anno domini 2021 and 2022 and cares so much about opening NS II as soon as possible.

Just to add, in the first half of January, Russia produced 1.52 billion m3 of NG per day - this is a result very similar to the production capacity estimated at 1.5 billion m3 per day.

Russia currently probably doesnt have much of spare capacity.

Russia NG production is going north to Yamal and Arctica.

Central Siberia is going exhausted.

That's single most important and reasonable reason to launch NS II.

Edited by Tomasz

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